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Pressure is the balance of power on a defined surface area. Pascal (Pa) represents the pressure unit of the International System of Units (SI), but in industrial practice, pressure is represented in pounds per square inch (PSI).

1 bar = 105 Pa = 14.5 PSI

1 Pascal = 1 Newton, 1 PSI = 1 lb

Normal atmospheric air pressure is stated as 14.7 PSI at sea level. Generally used as a reference for pressure measurement, it is, however variable according to altitude. For tests and measurements, it is advisable to use absolute PSI or bar corresponding to absolute pressure.

Pabs = Patm + Prel

Prabs = Absolute Pressure

Prel = Relative Gauge Pressure

PATM = Normal Atmospheric Pressure

The International System of Units (SI) unit of temperature is Kelvin (K). The following formula establishes the connection between Kelvin, degree Celsius (°C), and degree Fahrenheit (°F),the units more commonly used:

**T = t + 273.15 ft. = (tf - 32) x 5/9
T = Absolute Temperature (K)
t = Temperature (°C)
tf = Temperature (°F)**

The percentage of relative humidity is the relation between : the quantity of water vapor present in a volume of air the quantity of water corresponding to the saturation of this same volume of air (saturation causing condensation of excess water vapor). The maximum quantity of water which can be absorbed in a volume of air increases with temperature.

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